Hernias

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What is a hernia ?

 

Hernia is a weakness in the abdominal wall, through which the intestine can protrude.

Hernias can occur at different sites of the abdominal wall.

 

 

 

 

logo1frGroin hernias are the commonest, because groin is a weak area of the abdominal wall.

They include inguinal hernia that is by far the most frequent, and the rare femoral hernia (1-3%).

 

 

Umbilical hernia is not rare, since umbilicus is another weak point of the abdominal wall.

Other types of hernia, such as Spigelian or lumbar hernias, are very rare.

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The symptoms of hernia

The main sign of hernia is a bulge that usually is easily reducible.

Generally, hernia is not really painful, but it simply induces discomfort.

Nevertheless, some hernias, though small, can induce pain.

Hernia complications

logo4frHernia is not a serious disease. In most cases it simply induces discomfort, due to the swelling and tension, but it also can be painful in some circumstances, especially at effort.

Nevertheless, in a few cases incarceration and strangulation of the intestine can occur.

Strangulation is a serious complication, which can even be life-threatening if it is not quickly operated.

The signs of strangulation are a sudden and dreadful pain at the hernia site, followed by bloating and vomiting due to intestinal obstruction.

Operation is required urgently to prevent intestinal necrosis, peritonitis and eventually the death.