Femoral hernia is a groin hernia, but it is less common than inguinal hernia. The hernia protrudes through the femoral orifice, passageway of the iliac vessels from the pelvis to the thigh. This type of hernia is more frequent in females than in males. It entails a high risk of incarceration and strangulation. Therefore, any femoral hernia diagnosed must be operated on.
Spiegelian hernias are rare too. They are located a little bit higher than inguinal hernias. Both types of hernias can be operated in laparoscopic or open surgery, in day-case setting.